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Flood Warning Station at Kriebstein, Saxony - Germany

With waterpower plants up-and downstream of this gauging station at the Zschopau river which influence the water level with their behaviour, comparative discharge measurements in floodwater have always been problem at this measuring site...


Système Doppler de mesure d'écoulement stationnaire

OTT SLD est un système de mesure autonome à effet Doppler pour enregistrer en continu la vitesse d’écoulement et le niveau d’eau des cours d’eau naturels et semi-naturels.

  • Installation à poste fixe
  • Acoustique
  • Vitesse d'écoulement
  • Appareil à ultrasons horizontal fonctionnant selon le principe Doppler pour la mesure de débit en continu dans les rivières et les canaux. Calcul de débit selon la méthode d'indice de vitesses. Filtre de bateau intégré, interface Modbus pour les systèmes d
  • ± 10 m/s
  • ± 1 % de la valeur mesurée ± 0.5 cm/s

The measurement station Kriebstein UP has been set up in 1932 as downstream gauge at the Kriebstein dam at the Zschopau River. As flood-warning station and hydrometric base station with a catchment basin of
1754 km2, reliable data monitoring is extremely important for the hydrological balance of Freiberg and for the whole area around the Mulde.
Discharge monitoring in flood situations had always been a problem at this gauging station. There is solid knowledge, proven by measurements about the water level/discharge relation for low and average water levels. Though, the realization of comparative discharge measurements in floodwater was always difficult as there are waterpower plants up-and downstream of the gauging station which influence the water level with their behaviour.

During the years 2010 / 2011 the gauging station has been systematically reconstructed and it was decided to install a stationary discharge measurement system. For the first calibration and for a founded selection of the measuring location a model calculation has been made. As it was consequently recommended, the gauging station was designed as 2-path-system.
In 2011, 2 OTT SLD units with 600 KHz and 1 MHz were installed. They are operated via an OTT LogoSens 2 with data recall as 15 minute average value via the conventional telephone network. A small buffer battery will bypass short term power failure.
The sensor of the lower measuring path was installed vertically adjustable on a double-T-carrier, the upper sensor was fixed to a concrete foundation on the slope.

The performance of the system during the first flood event after the reconstruction came up to the high expectations that were set in the installation.
Two hydrographs were logged. One of them corresponding to the calibration based on the calculation of the hydraulic model (green curve), the second corresponding to a provisional calibration based on the stream profile and existing measurement data (blue curve).
A third hydrograph which was recorded in a longitudinal section provided two findings:

  • The theoretically established water level/discharge relation is erroneous in the upper range.
  • The hydrographs of the two calibrations approach each other in the high water range, however, in the average water range the model calibration does not provide valuable data;  due to the inaccuracies of the stream profile there are major absolute deviations.
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